Building is concerned with safe construction practices, and considers whether the construction work conforms to Building Regulations. A building permit is required for most structures, including small structures such as decks, a fence or retaining wall. A building permit is a legal document, issued before construction commences. It ensures that the building meets the minimum requirements for the health, safety and amenity of occupants and the public. Within the Surf Coast municipality, private building surveyors issue building permits and conduct the appropriate inspections.

It is important to note that a building permit cannot be obtained after the building work is done, they can only be issued prior to starting the work.